of James Arnold
Dr. James R. Arnold is Harold C. Urey Professor
of Chemistry (emeritus) at the University of California, San
Diego (UCSD). He received his degrees in chemistry from Princeton
University. As a graduate student there, he worked on the
Manhattan (atomic bomb) Project. He began his research career
at the University of Chicago working under Prof. Willard Libby
in the development of Carbon-14 dating. He was brought to
the University of California, San Diego by Dr. Roger Revelle
in 1958 as one of the first faculty members for the then new
UCSD campus. He was the founding chairman of the UCSD Department
of Chemistry. His research over the last several decades has
mainly been in the area of space and planetary science, including
participation in NASA's Apollo missions to the moon, and studies
of lunar samples returned by those missions. He was the first
director of the University of California’s California
Space Institute. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy
of Sciences, and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
He has received a number of medals and awards. Asteroid 2143
is named for him "Jimarnold".
His participation in the Apollo program of
manned exploration of the moon led him, along with Gerald
O'Neill, Freeman Dyson, and other space scientists, to think
about the future of human exploration and settlement of the
moon, Mars, and other solar system objects. In 1979 he published
a paper calling attention to the possible existence of substantial
deposits of ice in the lunar polar regions.
current interests are mainly in the area of increasing access
to the space frontier, in particular by lowering costs while
maintaining or improving reliability. The link between this
goal and the education of a new generation of space leaders
is very close.